"This has fed two visions of the future of work. In one, the machines take on many of the boring parts of a job, setting humans free to supply the more advanced – and satisfying – brain work. The other vision is less harmonious: the machines leave many human workers on the scrap heap altogether."
There are at least two important reflections for the political economy of development:
a. Part of the problem to realize the more harmonious vision has to do with the influence of conservative ideology. If unemployment is primarily a result of lazy people, it is hard to realize a society where people work less and where society builds new funding systems (including a basic income for all). Yet these are exactly the types of policies we would need in a world dominated by robots.
b. What will happen in developing countries? Will robotics slow down offshoring? Will developing countries start replacing human jobs at lower levels of development than the rich countries are doing?